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Nigeria Communication


Telephone and telegraph communications are the responsibility of the Federal Ministry of Communications through its parastatal NITEL. As of 2007, there were an estimated 1.58 million main-line telephones in service. Also in the same year, there were close to 40.4 million cellular phones in use. Trunk lines and UHF links connect all the major towns, and all of these have exchange units, including automatic exchanges at Lagos, Ibadan, Kaduna, Kano, Jos and Port Harcourt. Postal services are provided by another parastatal, NIPOST. There are post offices in all 305 local-government headquarters and other major towns.

Radio broadcasting is the joint responsibility of the federal and state governments, operating under the Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria (FRCN), created in 1978; state radio stations broadcast in English and local languages. Television, introduced in 1959, now operates throughout the country under the direction of the Nigerian Television Authority, with stations in all state capitals and channels set aside for the state governments. Several states also run their own stations. In 2001, there were nine television stations and six radio stations that were privately owned. In that year, there were about 83 AM and 36 FM radio stations. In 2000, the country had 200 radios and 68 television sets for every 1,000 people. About 11 internet service providers were serving 10 million users in 2007.


Telephones - main lines in use
1.58 million (2007)

Telephones - mobile cellular
40.395 million (2007)

Telephone system
general assessment: further expansion and modernisation of the fixed-line telephone network is needed
domestic: the addition of a second fixed-line provider in 2002 resulted in faster growth but subscribership remains only about 1 per 100 persons; wireless telephony has grown rapidly, in part responding to the shortcomings of the fixed-line network; multiple service providers operate nationally; mobile-cellular teledensity reached 30 per 100 persons in 2007
international: country code - 234; landing point for the SAT-3/WASC fibre-optic submarine cable that provides connectivity to Europe and Asia; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (2 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean) (2007)

Radio broadcast stations
AM 83, FM 36, shortwave 11 (2001)

Television broadcast stations
3 (the government controls 2 of the broadcasting stations and 15 repeater stations) (2001)

Internet country code

Internet hosts
1,048 (2008)

Internet users
10 million (2007)





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